Sunday, June 16, 2013

June 15, 1863 (Monday): A Proclamation

President Abraham Lincoln

June 15, 1863.
By the President of the United States of America.
    Whereas the armed insurrectionary combinations now existing in several of the States are threatening to make inroads into the States of Maryland, West Virginia, Pennsylvania, and Ohio, requiring immediately an additional force for the service of the United States: Now, therefore, I, Abraham Lincoln, President of the United States, and Commander-in-Chief of the Army and Navy thereof, and of the militia of the several States when called into actual service, do hereby call into the service of the United States 100, 000 militia from the States following, namely: From the State of Maryland, 10, 000; from the State of Pennsylvania, 50, 000; from the State of Ohio, 30, 000; from the State of West Virginia, 10, 000; to be mustered into the service of the United States forth with, and to serve for the period of six months from the date of such muster into said service, unless sooner discharged; to be mustered in as infantry, artillery, and cavalry, in proportions which will be made known through the War Department, which Department will also designate the several places of rendezvous. These militia to be organized according to the rules and regulations of the volunteer service, and such orders as may hereafter be issued. The States aforesaid will be respectively under the enrollment act for the militia service rendered under this proclamation. In testimony whereof, I have hereunto set my hand, and caused the seal of the United States to be affixed. Done at the city of Washington, this fifteenth day of June, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and sixty-three, and of the Independence of the United States the eighty-seventh. 


    By the President:
    Secretary of State. 

Official Records, Series I., Vol. 27, Part 3, Pages 136-137.

There was not a general panic in the North when Lee's Army headed for Pennsylvania, but it could not have gone unnoticed that yet again the Army of Northern Virginia had gone from the hunted to the hunter.  The proclamation reflects the problems which, invasion or no, the United States government was experiencing getting troops to volunteer for service.  War weariness was a definite part of the equation.

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